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; Main-Franconian: Wörtzburch) is a city in the region of Franconia, northern Bavaria, Germany.Located on the Main River, it is the capital of the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia. Würzburg lies about equidistant from Frankfurt am Main and Nuremberg (each about 120 kilometers or 75 miles away).Although the city of Würzburg is not part of the Landkreis Würzburg, (i.e., district of Würzburg), it is the seat of the district's administration.The city has a population of around 124,000 people.A Bronze Age (Urnfield culture) refuge castle stood on the site of the present Fortress Marienberg.The former Celtic territory was settled by the Alamanni in the 4th or 5th century, and by the Franks in the 6th to 7th.Würzburg was the seat of a Merovingian duke from about 650.
The Ravenna Cosmography lists the city as Uburzis at about the same time.Beginning in 1237, the city seal depicted the cathedral and a portrait of Saint Kilian, with the inscription SIGILLVM CIVITATIS HERBIPOLENSIS.It shows a banner on a tilted lance, formerly in a blue field, with the banner quarterly argent and gules (1532), later or and gules (1550).This coat of arms replaced the older seal of the city, showing Saint Kilian, from 1570.The first diocese was founded by Saint Boniface in 742 when he appointed the first bishop of Würzburg, Saint Burkhard.
The bishops eventually created a duchy with its center in the city, which extended in the 12th century to Eastern Franconia.